Tuesday, January 8, 2008



The land area for slash-and-burn cultivation becomes limited for Ngephesizo village because of the increased population and greater desire for rice plantation despite most of the farms are only good for corn planting. When villagers engaged in one spot for farming, the return to this spot is reduced to six or seven years today in comparison with at least ten years in ancient times. Farming in immature forest makes less productivity, plus more hard-work, and leads faster denuding forest. Natural disaster, like late-rain, untimely-rain, heavy-rain and lack of rain usually threat the crops. Villagers usually encounter insufficient food. The big demand and a good price for orchids add deteriorating the forest. More than half of the land is unusable for plantation. One of the big problems in the village and its neighboring is money cannot buy food in some seasons, food is more important than money. No car route to the village. Locheipi, six miles from the village, has summer car route which lead to Thantlang, the nearest town.

Ngepheisizo (also known as Ngaiphaite) village is flanked from east and south-east by Fanthen village, Hna Ring village and Hriangpi village, from south by Lailen village, north by Locheipi (Lungcuaipi) village and west and south-west by Ngaiphaipi and Lungcuaite. The nearest town from the village is Than Tlang, some 70 miles far, three days walking and is located some six miles away from the Indo-Burma border.

To procure sufficient food for the village
Constructing self-car-route to Lungcauipi

A proposed plan
“Mixed farming” by household

A proposed plan on Breeding-Mithun-Household: it is strongly advised that the villagers to apply “mixed farming” breeding a mithun per household and farming. The village could begin the plan starting from 2008. If very household (90) has a female mithun, by the next year 2009, they will increase 180 because a female mithun gives birth one per year. Let’s say 50% of new-born mithun are female every year, and then the village has 135 female and 45 male mithun. In 2010, mithun will increase 270. If 50 % new-born female again, there are 180 female and 90 male mithun in the village. By 2011, the first generation 45 female will bear babies, mithun increase rate will become 135 a year and the second generation 45 will also give birth in 2012 that the increase will become 180. The giving-birth rate will increase 45 per year. From 2010 the village will have 3 mithuns per house and could start selling its male mithun upto 45 per year. The sale price for 45 could buy enough rice for the village every year. ( Mithun rarely encounter animal-effected-disease, two-year-old mithun can give birth and birth rate is once a year.) The village could sell mithun to Mizoram state, India, with a good price and procure necessary rice from the nearest town, Than Tlang. Procuring rice from outside which in turn will allow more space for corn plantation that prettily fits to the soil.
Increase Rate of Mithuns

Yr1 2008 (Dec) 100 (90 female and 10 male) Mithun
Yr2 2009(Dec) 190 (135 female and 55 male) 90 of 50% new-born are female
Yr3 1010(Dec) 280 (180 female and 100 male) 90 of 50% new-born are female
Yr4 1011(Dec) 370 + (45)* = 415 (247F and 168M) 135 of 50% new-born are female
(Female 68 and male 67 are born)
Yr5 1012(Dec) 550 + (45) ** = 595 (337F and 258M) 180 of 50% new-born are female
(Female 90 and male 90 are born)
Yr6 1013(Dec) 775 + (45) *** = 810 (449F and 371M) 225 of 50% new-born are female
(Female 113 and male 112 are born)
*First generation
** Second generation
*** Third generation

Since Lungcuaipi has done self-construct car route to Sen Tung village in 2004 and has enjoyed the benefit being having the route, Ngaiphaite villagers long-desired for connecting car route to the nearest place, was in its top. The village head, village’s elders and villagers have several meetings since then. In January, 2005 the village had passed a resolution to bring a mithun (the most reverend animal in Chin State) to Lungcuaipi for asking help to constructing car route upto the Ngaiphaite-Lungcauipi border (about 2.5 miles from Lungcuaipi); and to construct self-car-route every Monday with free labor. Today, Ngaiphaite’s part of constructing car route is almost done to the said border but Lungcauaipi didn’t begin yet.

Presented to Professor Joy L. Tio, Ed. D
MDM M01 Development Perspective

Prepared by Mang, Sang Hlei
MDM – 1
University Of Cordilleras
Baguio, Philippines

Dated the 15th December, 2007

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